The fact that, until a few years ago, the Andorran agricultural economy was dominant in the high-mountain regions, accounted for the appearance of complementary buildings intended for cattle and the storage of fodder. These functions were often carried out at the house itself, in adjacent buildings.
This led to the appearance of buildings which served as hay-lofts and stables, and also as shelters for shepherds: the so-called bordas. These are usually isolated buildings located near mountain summits, but they are also sometimes found in groups. The first appearance of bordas dates back to the sixteenth century, but it was in the nineteenth century that their numbers began to increase, coinciding with the spread of bovine cattle farming, which required more space and fodder than did the previous activity of sheep farming.
The most common type of borda has two floors, the lower floor being the stable and the upper one, the hay-loft, which was likely to be also used as a granary. Sometimes the lower floor is partially underground so as to allow easy access to the upper floor when the terrain slopes steeply.
The frontage of these buildings measures 9 or 10 metres, and the depth can vary, but is rarely greater than 12 metres: these dimensions are imposed by the steeply sloping terrain. The maximum height varies between 7 and 10 metres, and in isolated bordas it can be less than 6 metres.

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